Daegaya's culture takes off!

Daegaya began to make earthenware bowls looking different from those of other regions after 300 A.D. The earthenware kiln site in Naegong-ri, Daegaya-eup, originating from the Daegaya period, rests at the gentle foot of the mountain, where broken kiln wall pieces and burnt lumps of clay are scattered with earthenware pieces. Cave kilns were used there, taking advantage of the oblique topography, and the site was used for a long time from 400 A.D. through to around 600 after Daegaya collapsed. Daegaya's earthenware bowls were produced there and spread gradually to where Daegaya's influence reaches.
Let's experience Daegaya's food, clothing and shelter

"Daegaya-style pottery" like legged dishes, long-necked jars and saucers are characterized by the smooth beauty of curves and voluptuous stability. The top of the legged dish is flat and its yawning leg has narrow and long quadrangular holes in a row. The long-necked jar has a long neck that narrows softly and forms an S-shaped curve with multiple layers of precise wave patterns painted on it. The saucer has a wide and deep basinlike body on which multiple layers of wave and pine needle patterns are carved.

  • Legged-dish
  • Long-necked jar
  • Saucer
  • Excavation site

Iron played a very important role in Daegaya's push to amass national power. Daegaya's iron was produced presumably at the foot of Mt. Misung, including Yaro and Yong-ri, Ssangrim-myeon. Iron in Yaro, in particular, was good enough to be offered as taxes until the Joseon period. Iron-making ruins in Yaro and Ssangrim are covered with debris of iron-making furnaces intended to melt iron ores and slags and iron ores and magnetic sand, the raw materials of iron, are collected.

A lot of weapons like knives with a loop, iron spears, iron axes and arrowheads have been excavated from Daegaya's ancient tombs. These weapons were used in the battlefield directly but some of them were designed to show the dignity of the buried person when he or she was alive. For this reason, dragons and phoenixes and vine and turtle-back patterns were gorgeously engraved on the handle of a knife with a loop. The wood handle on some of the iron spears was decorated with silver plates.

  1. 01Clothing of Daegaya people
    Garakbakwi, a thread-making tool, is often excavated from the tombs of Daegaya people, evidence that they made fabrics using a loom. Furthermore, the surface of metal artifacts like armor, gilt bronze crown and bells hung around a horse's neck has clotted traces of leather or fabric, with fabrics with smooth strands such as silk sometimes stuck on the surface. Therefore, it is thought that the ruling class, including royalty, might have worn silk clothes. It is hard to know how clothes were then but 'Nihon Shoki' says Daegaya people wore different clothes from Silla people.
  2. 02Food of Daegaya people
    Daegaya people largely farmed in open fields in the basins of Daega Creek and Anrim Creek and lived on five grains while eating edible greens and fruits, too. They also raised livestock, caught fish and hunted for wild animals. These can be guessed from the fact that farming tools like sickles, hoes and pitchforks and proso and peach seeds are excavated from the Daegaya tombs along with bones of horses, roosters, pheasants and freshwater fish. Marine fish and clams such as cod, herring, gastropods, conches, oysters and crabs were also excavated from pottery, indicating that things to eat caught far away in the sea were introduced into Daegaya.
  3. 03Home of Daegaya people
    • Clothing Life
    • Dietary Life
    • Dwelling Life
    • Ancient Culture Center